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围棋文化
 
  围棋文化
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中国围棋文化
作者:    来源:胡子的博客


XIANKANSHUZHAOLANQIAOKE,JIANCAOSHANHUAYICHANEI。


WUBAINIANLAIQIYIJU,XIANJIASUIYUEYEWUDUO。


--MING.XUWEI


    QIN、QI、SHU、HUASHIZHONGGUOSIDAGULAODEWENHUAYISHU,QIZHONGDEQIZHIDEJIUSHIWEIQI,TAMENBANSUIZHERU、SHI、DAOSIXIANGHEQITAWENHUAYISHU,RONGGUANYUMIANMIANJIQIANNIANDEZHONGHUAWENMINGSHI。


YI、 WEIQIDEQIYUAN


    GUANYUWEIQIDEQIYUAN,YIZHISHIYIGEZHONGSHUOFENYUNDEHUATI。ZUOWEIGUDAISIDAYISHU(QINQISHUHUA)ZHIYIDEWEIQI,GENSUOYOUJUBEIMOUXIESHENMITEZHENGDEYISHUYIYANG,GUANYUTADEQIYUANZIRANCONGSHENHUABANBENKAISHI。MUQIANBIJIAOWEIRENMENSUOJIESHOUDEGUANDIANSHI“YAOZAOWEIQI”。GUANYU“YAOZAOWEIQI”DEJIZAI,NENGKAOZHENGDAODEWENZIYOUZHANGUOSHIDEWENXIAN《SHIBEN》:“YAOZAOWEIQIDANZHUSHANZHI。”,XIJINZHANGHUA《BOWUZHI》: “YAOZAOWEIQI,YIJIAOZIDANZHU。HUOYUNSHUNYIZISHANGJUNYU,GUZUOWEIQIYIJIAOZHI。”CONGZHEILIDEWENZIJIZAILAIKANWEIQIYIKAISHIBIANZUOWEI“JIAO”DEGONGJU、JUBEIKAIZHIGONGNENGWEIDAJIASUOJIESHOU。DANZHEIBIJINGCUNZAIZHEZHONGDUOXUYAOKAOZHENGDEYINSUZAINEI,SHIZAIWUCONGQUEDINGQIKEXINDU。


    LINGJUCHUNQIUSHIQIDE《ZUOCHUAN》JIZAI:“WEIXIANGONGZIYIYISHIYUNINGXIYAN,NINGXIXUZHI。DASHUWENZIWENZHI,YUE: ‘??JINNINGZISHIJUNBURUYIQI,QIHEYIMIANHU?YIZHEJUQIBUDING,BUSHENGQIYU,ERKUANGZHIJUNERFUDINGHU?BIBUMIANYI。??’”ZHEILIBAOHANLEZHONGSUOZHOUZHIDEYIGECHENGYU“JUQIBUDING”。QIEYOUCIKANCHU,WEIQIYIJINGWEIDAJIASUOXIANGHUSHUXIDESHIWULE。。”。《ZUOCHUAN》DAYUECHENGSHUYUGONGYUANQIAN548NIAN,ZHEILIJIZAIDEGUSHIFASHENGZAIGONGYUANQIAN559NIAN。ZHEISHIQIJINWEIZHIZUIZAODEYOUGUANWEIQIDEWENZIJIZAI。


二、 我国古代围棋的发展


    CHUNQIUZHANGUOJIQINHANSHIQI,WEIQIJIUZHUJIANCHUANBOKAILAI,BINGYIXIANGDANGPUJILE。SANGUOLIANGJINSHIQI,WEIQIFAZHANXINGSHENG。LIANGCHAODESHENYUEZAI《QIPINXU》ZHONGSHUO:”HANWEIMINGXIAN,GAOPINJIANCHU,JINSONGSHENGTU,YISIZHENGLIU”。KEJIANDANGSHIWEIQIXINGSHENG,GAOSHOUBEICHU。NEISHIYICHUXIANLEGUANYUWEIQIDEZHUZUO。


    TANGDAIGUOLIQIANGSHENG,TONGZHIZHEWEIFENSHITAIPING,YEWEIZIWOHUANYU,JIANLILEQISHIZHAOZHIDU,SHEYOUQIDAIZHAOHEQIBOSHI。ZHEIZHONGGUANFANGSHEZHIDEZHUANYEQISHOU,YOUSHISHOUHUANGDIDEZHAOJIAN,YIQIWEIYU,YOUSHIJIAOGUANRENDENGXIAQI。YUEZAISUITANGQIJIAN,WEIQIKAISHICHUANRUCHAOXIANHERIBEN,HOULAI,RIBEN、CHAOXIANQISHOUHAIDUOCIFANGWENWOGUO,JIAOLIUQIYI。


    SONGDAIZHANGNIZHUANXIEDE《QIJINGSHISANPIAN》,SHIYIBULIUCHUANHENGUANGDEXITONGLUNSHUQIYIDEZHUZUO。GAISHUFANG《SUNZISHIFASHISANPIAN》,JIEGOUHONGDA,SHUOLIJINGQIAO,CHONGMANLEPOSUDEBIANZHENGDAOLI,DUIWOGUOWEIQILILUNJISHIJIANDOUYOUJIAODADEYINGXIANG。TANGSONGSHIQIWEIQIFAZHANBIJIAOKUAI,CHUZHUANYEQISHOUWAI,WENRENMOKEBUSHAOYEREZHONGYUXIAQI,LIUCHUANXIABUSHAOGUANYUWEIQIDEZHENGUISHILIAOJIWENXUEZUOPIN。


    DAOLEYUANCHAO,CHUXIANLEWEIQIQIYIJIDACHENGZHUZUO《XUANXUANQIJING》,ZUOZHEYANDEFU、YANTIANZHANG,QUANSHUYILI、LE、SHE、YU、SHU、SHULIUYIFENBIANWEILIUJUAN,SHOULULEZHANGNIDE《QIJINGSHISANPIAN》、BANGUDE《YIZHI》、LIUZHONGFUDE《QIJUE》DENGZHUANMENLILUNZHUSHU,KEGUIDESHIHAISHOULULEXUDUOWEIQIDESIHUOYANJIUHEDINGSHIJIBENTUXING。


    MINGDAI,WEIQIHUODONGGENGWEIGUANGFAN,ZHIMINGQISHOULVJIANYUSHIJI。MINGMOZHUMINGGUOSHOUGUOBAILING,BUDANQIYIJINGZHAN,HAIZHUYOU《GUANZIPU》、《SANZIPU》、《SIZIPU》,DUIHOUSHIYOUHENDAYINGXIANG。


    JINRUQINGDAIYIHOU,WEIQIYOULEHUASHIDAIDEJINZHAN,DADAOWOGUOGUDAIWEIQIDEDINGFENG。QINGDAI,WULUNSHIQISHOUDESHULIANG,HAISHIQIYISHUIPINGDOUSHIKONGQIANDE。QINGCHUDEHUANGLONGSHIHEXUXINGYOUZAIWEIQIJIEJUNFUSHENGMING。HUANGLONGSHIQILUMIANMISHENWEN,ERYOUJINTUOJIANGQI,WANGWANGCHUQIZHISHENG,HOUDAIQISHOUDADOUCONGZHONGDEDAOQIFA。XUXINGYOUCONGHUANGLONGSHIXIUYE,QINFENKEKU,JUSHUOCENGSANNIANZUBUCHUHU。ZAIXINGYOUDADAOSHOUERZIDESHUIPINGHOU,LONGSHIGUYIRANGTASANZI,SHISHENGXIALESHIJUQI,ZHEISHIJUSHUANGFANGJINGZHIDOULI,GEJIEXINSI,QIANGUSUOWEIYOU,SHIJUZHONGHOU,XINGYOUYIYUEYULONGSHIZHIZUO。ERZHEIGUIJINGSHENQIDEGUJUQI,BEICHENGWEI“XUELEIPIAN”,CHIMINGXIAER。


    QINGKANGXINIANJIANCHUSHENGDEFANXIPINGHESHIDINGAN,YESHIQITANSHANGBINGZHIDESHUANGFENG,LIANGRENTONGSHIZHEJIANGHAININGREN,QIYIJUNCHAOQIANREN。FAN、SHILIANGRENQIFENGJIONGYI。XIPINGSILUMINJIE,CAIQIJIGAO,QIFENGBODASHENQI,BEIYUWEI“SHENLONGBIANHUA,MOCESHOUWEI”;DINGANZEJINYANJINGSHEN,HANXUHUNHOU,GONGYUZHANGFA,BEIYUWEI”LAOJICHICHENG,BUSHIBUZHOU”。XIANZAILIUHUIXIALAIDE“DANGHU(JIZHEJIANGPINGHU)SHIJU”JIFANXIPINGHESHIDINGANDUIYIDEJIEZUO,LILAIBEISHIWEIZHENPIN。


    ZONGGUANWOGUOGUDAIWEIQI,CONGCHANSHENGZHIFAZHAN、TIGAO,JINGLILEYIGEMANZHANGDESHIQI,YONGXIANCHUXUDUOWEIQIGAOSHOU,JILEILEFENGFUDECHUZHONGJINGYANHELILUNZHISHI,LIUXIALEYIDAPIBAOGUIDEYICHAN。


ZHONGGUOWEIQIWENHUA - HUZI - HUZIDEBOKE


        SAN、WOGUOWEIQIDEXIANZHUANG


        ZONGTILAISHUODANGJINQITANCHENGXIANZHONGHANZHENGBA,ERRIBENGUOJIDASAICHENGJIYIBAN,ZHUYAOSHIYINWEIYONGSHIZHIDUDEBUTONG.YILISHITONGJILAIKAN,ZHONGGUOHUODEDESHIJIEGUANJUNSHUYUANBURUHANGUO,DANXIANZAIYUDAOHANGUOQISHOUDEQUESHISHIJUNLIDI.CONGQIFENGSHANGSHUO,RIBENQITAIZHONGYISHU,HANGUOQIZHENGSHENGYISHIYUZHANDOULIZUIQIANG,ERQIEYOUHANGUODUYOUDEWANQIANG.ZHONGGUOQIZEZHONGYONGYULIANGZHEZHIJIAN,JIZHONGSHIDAJUQILIYUMEIGAN,YEZAIJINNIANBISAIMOLIANZHONGHUODEZHANDOULIYUSHENGFUGAN.KEYISHUO,ZHIYAOZHONGGUOQISHOUZHONGYONGDEGONGFUDAOJIA,TAIJIDADEDUISHOUBUJINSHEN,ZHONGGUOQISHOUDUIRIHANQISHOUDEYOUSHIHENDA.XIANZAIZHUYAOSHUZAIGONGFUBUDAOJIA,ZHAOJIABUZHUBAOLIWEIQI.ERCONGBISAITIZHISHANGSHUO,ZHONGGUOWEIQIDASAIJIWEIJIALIANSAITIZHIDOUBIJIAOWANSHANLE,ERQIEMEINIANBUDAOLIANGWEISHUDEZHIYEQISHOUMINGEYEBAOZHENGZHONGGUOQISHOUSHUIPINGJIAOGAO.


        MUQIAN,WEIQIZHIYEHUAYIJIECHULEILEISHUOGUO,XIAOHUXIAOBAOBEIDEQISHOUMENZAIWEIJIALIANSAIZHONGDEDAOLECHONGFENDEMOLIAN,BINGZHUBUCHENGZHANGWEISHIJIEDASAIZHONGKANGJIRIHANDEZHUYAOLILIANG。SUIRANTAMENHAIMEIYOUQINZIDUOQUGUOSHIJIEGUANJUNDEJIANGBEI,QUEWEIZHONGGUODUISAOQINGLEYIGEYOUYIGEDUOGUANDEZHANGAI。XIRIHENGGENGZAIZHONGGUOWEIQIDUOGUANDAOLUSHANGDEJINGDILI CHANGHAO、LISHISHI,SUIRANSHILIRENGRANQIANGDA,DANQUENANYIYIZHISHENZHILIDIDANGZHONGGUOQUNHUQUNLANGDEWEIJIAO。XIANZAIZHONGGUODUIGEGENIANLINGCENGJISHILITIDUIRENYUANZHENGQI,SHILIJUNHENG,XINGCHENGLEJITUANJUNDEJIASHI,ZAIJIASHANGYONGYOUCHENYAOYEZHEIYANGDEZAISANGUOTONGLINGQISHOUZHONGDEJIAOJIAOZHE,KEYISHUO,ZHONGGUODUIDAYOUQUANMIANYAZHIRIHAN,KAICHUANGYIGEZHONGGUOQISHENGSHIDEQUSHI。


       DANYUZHIXIANGDUIDESHI,ZHONGGUODENVZIWEIQIZHENGTISHILIQUESHIJIANGHERIXIA,SUIRANPINGJIELAOJIANGDEFAHUIDUOQULELIANGJIEZHENGGUANZHUANGBEI,DANNIANQINGQISHOUDEZHENGTISHILIQUEXUNYUHANGUODUI,JIUQIYUANYINTONGYANGYUWEIQIZHIYEHUAYOUGUAN。ZAIWEIQIZHIYEHUAZHIQIAN,ZHONGGUONANNVQISHOUTONGDUI,YIQIXUNLIANHEYANJIU,YINCINVZIQISHOUSHILIBUFAN;ERZHIYEHUAZHIHOU,NVQISHOUQUEBIANCHENGLEBEIRENYIWANGDEJIAOLUO,YUQIANGSHOUDEJIAOFENGYUELAIYUESHAO,ZHANGCIXIAQU,ZHONGGUODENVZIWEIQINANBAOBUXIANGRIBENYIYANG,CHENGWEIYIGEHUAPINGSHIDEZHIYE。


四、围棋与人生


    WEIQISHIRENXINGDESHENGHUA,RENGEDEWANSHAN。CONGRANGZIQIDEJIAODUJIANG,WULUNSHUIPINGXIANGCHADUODA,RENHERENDOUNENGZAIQIPANSHANGYOUPINGHENGDEDUIHUA。WEIQISHIGAOPINZHIDEAIHAO,XIAHAOWEIQIBUJINJINXUYAOCONGHUIDETOUNAO,HAIXUYAOYOUJIANDINGDEXINNIANHELIANGHAODEXINLISUZHI。WEIQIDEBUJUYOUXINGYUNLIUSHUIDEMEIGAN,ZHONGPANDEZHANDOUYOUCANLIEDEPINSHA,ERZHONGJUDEGUANZIZEYOUJINGMIAODESHOUSHU。RENSHENGYOUYUCIWANQUANXIANGTONGDESANBUQU,SHAONIANDETIANZHENMEIHAO,ZHONGNIANDERENQINGSHIGU,LAONIANDEBEIWEIWANJIE,YOUZHETONGYANGDECHANGJING。


    WEIQIZHIZHONGYUNHANZHEZHONGHUAWENHUADEJINGSUI。ERYUWOZHABINGBUSHIWEIQIDENEIHAN,SHENMOUYUANLV、WEIYUCHOUMOUCAISHISHENGLIDEGENBEN。YINYOUHEQIPIANCHENGJIUBULEWEIQIDASHI,WEIQIXUYAODESHIJINGQUEDEJISUANHEBANGBODEQISHI。SHIDIHEHOUSHISHIWEIQILILIANGGETONGDENGZHONGYAODEMAODUNTONGYITI,TONGYANGDAOLI,RENSHENGSHIYEDECHENGBAILIBUKAIZHASHIDEJICHUHEKAITUODEYONGQI。FANGCUNTIANDIQIANZANGZHEKUANGUANGDEJINGJIE,YONGYOUYUZHOULIUYIYANGDEXINXIONGHEWUYOUJIAOBANDELAOGUZHENDI,SHIWANMEIRENSHENGDEGUANJIANSUOZAI。


    PINBOHEFENDOUSHIRENSHENGDEZHENDI。CONGBUJUDAOZHONGPANDAOZHONGJU,MEIYIGEHUANJIEDOUYUNZANGZHEJIHUIYUFENZHENG。SIHAODESONGXIE,JIUHUIZAOCHENGWUKEWANHUIDEHOUGUO,YIZHAOQICUO,MANPANJIEBAI。CUNTUBIZHENGDEPINBOHENIJINGZHIZHONGDEFENDOUSHIWEIQIDEZHENDI,YESHIRENSHENGDEZHENDI。WEIQIZUIZHONGXIAHEDEJISHAO,DABUFENDOUNENGFENCHUSHENGFU,RENSHENGYISHIYIRUCI。RENSHENGDECHENGBAIJIEGUOJIANGZAISHENGMINGJIESHUDENEIYIKECHANSHENG,WULUNSHENGFURUHE,QISHIJIEGUOBINGBUZHONGYAO,ZUIGUANJIAN、ZUIJINGCAIDEHAISHIRENSHENGDEFENDOULICHENG。ZONGHENGDEFENGYUNJIDANGZHECANGSANGDEBIANHUA,YONGHENGDERIYUEYINGZHAOZHESHITAIDEYANLIANG。RENSHENGSHIDUANZANDE,YOUZHONGDIANDE,SUOXINGZOUDEMEIYIBUDOURONGBUDEBANDIANSHANSHI。


    DADAOZHIGAOJINGJIEXUYAOSHIJIANHEGUOCHENG。SHENYUANDESIKAO、WUQIONGDEBIANHUA,SHIWEIQIDEMEILISUOZAI。JINGJIEDETIGAOSHILINGGANDENINGJIEHEZHIHUIDESHENGHUA,TAXUYAOZHANGSHIJIANDEMOLIANBINGSHIGEJIANJINDEGUOCHENG。JISHISHITIANCAIQISHOU,YETONGYANGXUYAOMINGSHIDEZHIDIANHEBUDUANDECHUILIAN。XIAWEIQIBUNENGZHIKANYANQIAN、JUBUDEXIAOLIYI,CONGZHANGYUANHEQUANJUCHUFA,CAISHIZUIZHONGQUDESHENGLIDEGENBEN。ZHEIZHONGJINGJIEBUSHIDAOJIANFUXUEDEJIEGUO,ERSHIZIRANXINGCHENGDE,WEIQIZHIZHONGSHENZANGZHEJUEMIAODEBIANZHENGFA。WEIQIWEIRENLEIDAILAIDEBUJINJINSHIZHIHUIDESHENGTENG,HAIBAOKUODUIRENXINGHERENGEDESHENKEYINGXIANG。TAZHENGXIANGYIWEIGAOSHENMOCE、YANSURENZHENDEDIAOSUJIA,MEIYIKUAIJINRUTAGONGZUOSHIDEYUANCAILIAO,DOUHUIBEITADIAOKECHENGJINGDIANDEYISHUPIN。YIJINGYOUYUAN、SHENAOXUANMIAOSHIWEIQIDEXIANZHUTEDIAN,SHENGSIDAJIE、CANGSANGZHUANHUANSHIWEIQIDEWUQIONGMEILI,SHENZHIYUSONGCHIHEYUXINGYOUSHIHOUYEHUICHENGWEIZHISHENGDEFABAO。ZAIWOKANLAI,WOMENDERENSHENGJIUHAOBISHIYIPANMEIYOUXIAWANDEQI,BUGUANXIANZAIXINGSHIRUHE,DOUYINGDANGZOUHAOJIEXIALAIDEMEIYIBU。


    WOMENHAINIANQING,DENGDAIWOMENDESHIWUQIONGDEJIHUIHEBIANHUA,MEIGERENDOUYINGGAIHUAIBAOMENGXIANGNULIXIANGQIAN。


 


 
 
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