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棋道规范
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棋道规范——礼仪故事(一)

入场

 

    ZHENGSHIBISAIDUIJUKAISHIZHIQIAN,WEIQIJIEDEGUANLISHINIANLINGJIAOQING、DUANWEIJIAODI,HUOSHICHUYUTIAOZHANWEIZHIDEQISHOU,JISUOWEI“XIASHOU”SHOUXIANDAOCHANG。

ZHEISHIWEIQIJIEDECHUANTONGSHIRAN。BUGUO,BANSUISHIDAIFAZHAN,CHUANTONGYEZAIQIAORANBIANHUA。SHANGSHOUHEXIASHOUDEDIWEIRIYIMOHU,QIHEDEWEIDAORIQUQIANGLIE,MEIYOURENHUIYUANYIYIXIASHOUZIJU。

JINRIDEBISAIZHONG,XUANSHOUDOUSHIZIXINGANPAIDAOCHANGSHIJIAN,YOURENXIHUANZAODAO,SHUXISAICHANGDEHUANJING,JINZAOJINRUZHUANGTAI,YEYOURENZEWUSUOWEI,ZHIYAOBUCHIDAOJIUHAO。BUGUO,HAIYOUYIXIEJIAOWEIMINGANDEQISHOUDUIDAOCHANGSHIJIANFEICHANGJIANGJIU,BEIHOUSHIYIZHONGXINLIANSHI,JIWOSHISHANGSHOU,BUNENGZAODAOCHANG。MAXIAOCHUNJIUDUANJIUSHIYIGEHENHAODELIZI。

DUOSHAOYOUXIERANGRENCHIJINGDESHI,LICHANGHAOJIUDUANYESHISHUYUZHEIZHONGLEIXING,ZONGXIHUANCAIZHEKAISAISHIJIANJINCHANG,RUGUOZAODAOLEJIFENZHONG,CHANGCHANGNINGKEDUOJINXISHOUJIAN,YEBUYUANYIRUCHANG。DOUSHUOLICHANGHAOJIUDUANSHI“SHIFO”,DANSHITADEXINLIYEBUSHIBOLANBUXINGDEYIKOUGUJING。


棋道规范——礼仪故事(二)

擦拭棋盘 

 

    XIASHOUDAOCHANGZHIHOU,DIYIJIANSHIQINGJIUSHIYONGBAIBUCASHIQIPAN。BUXIAOSHUO,ZHONGDABISAI,XIJIEDOUYOUZHUANRENFUZE,ZAOJIYIQIEJIUXU。CASHIQIPANGENGDUODEHAISHIYIZHONGYISHI,ZHANGXIANLEDUISHANGSHOUDEZUNZHONGHEDUIWEIQIBENSHENDEZUNZHONG。

    DUIYUCASHIZHEERYAN,ZHEIYANGDEXINGDONGYEKEYISHUOSHIYIZHONGXINLIANSHI:WOMENJIUJIJIANGZAIZHEIMIANQIPANSHANGJINXINGZHANDOU,HUOZHESHUOSHICHUANGZUOLE。

ZHEICHUANTONGSHIYURIBEN,RIBENQISHOUDUICIZIRANSHIGAODUZHONGSHI。1995NIAN9YUE,DI10JIEZHONGRIWEIQILEITAISAIZAIRIBENDONGJINGJINXING,RIBENXIAOLINJUEJIUDUANTIAOZHANZHONGGUOCHANGHAOQIDUAN。XIAOLINJUENIANZIHEDUANWEIDOUJUYUCHANGHAOZHISHANG,DANTAJURANCASHIQIQIPANLAI——ZHONGFANGTUANZHANGHUAYIGANGBADUANJIMANGLANZHU:HAISHIRANGCHANGHAOLAIBA。BUGUO,XIAOLINJUEQISHIYEYOUTADEDAOLI:ZHEIYIJUDEBISAI,TASHITIAOZHANZHE,CHANGHAOSHILEIZHU。

    LEISIDEQINGKUANGZAIDONGFANGWENMINGTIXIDEQITACEMIANZHONG,QISHIYELVJIANBUXIAN,ZHONGGUOYOUYIZHONGCHUANTONGJIAO“JINGXIZIZHI”,JIXIELEZIDEZHIZHANG,NAPAYIJINGWUYONG,YESHIBUNENGTONGQITALAJIYIYANGCHULIDE。ZHEIBENZHISHANGSHUOLAIZHENGSHIDUIWENZIHEWENHUADEQIANJING。


棋道规范——礼仪故事(三) 

上位与猜先

 

    XIASHOUYAOSHOUXIANDAOCHANG,DANXIASHOUBINGBUSHISUIBIANXUANGEZUOWEIZUOXIADE,XIASHOUBIXUZUOZAIXIAWEI,JIANGSHANGWEILIUJISHANGSHOU,SHANGWEIHEXIAWEIDEQUEDING,GUDAIBIJIAOMAFAN,XIANDAIZEYOUYIGEDAYUANZE,JICAIPANXIYOUSHOUBIANSHANGWEISHANGWEI。

    SHANGWEIDECHUANTONGSUIRANYESHILAIZIRIBEN,DANSHIYIYOUSHOUWEIZUNDELINIAN,QUESHILAIZIZHONGGUO,ZHONGGUOYOUJUCHENGYUJIAOZUO“WUCHUQIYOU”,JIUSHIXINGRONGYIGERENDADAOLEZUIGAOSHUIPING,MEIYOURENNENGGOUDAOTADEYOUBIANQU——JICHAOGUOTA,YANHUIDANGZHONG,ZUIZUNGUIDEKERENBEIANPAIZAIZHURENDEYOUSHOUBIAN,ZHEIYESHIGELIZI。1952NIAN,QIAOBENYUTAILANGBADUANYUYANJINZHUNYIBADUAN(JUNWEIDANGSHIDUANWEI)ZAIYICIBISAIZHONGXIANGYU,LIANGRENDOUSHIBADUAN,QIAOBENSHIRIBENDANGSHIZUIDADETOUXIANZHANBENYINFANGZHANDEGUANJUN,ANZHAOTONGLIZIRANGAIQIAOBENZUOZAISHANGWEI,DANYANJINBIJINGSHIDAQIANBEI,QIAOBENSICUNZAISAN,ZAOZAOGANDAOSAICHANG,ZUODINGXIAWEIBIANBUZAIQILAILE。YANJINZIRANDUIQIAOBENDEZUOFAMANXINYUYUE,DAOCHANGBIANXINRANZHUAZICAIXIANLE。CIJUSUISHIQIAOBENHUOSHENG,QUEBEIGONGRENWEIYANJINDEDAIBIAOZUOZHIYI。

    RUQIANSUOSHUO,SUOWEICAIXIAN,SHIYOUSHANGSHOUZHUARUOGANBAIZI,ERXIASHOUYIYIMEIHUOLIANGMEIQIZILAICAI,YIWEI“DANSHUJIWOZHIHEI”,HUOZHE“SHUANGSHUJIWOZHIHEI”,WEIQIJIEXIGUANCHENGWEI“DANHEI”,“SHUANGHEI”。YINGSHIGUIZESHIGELIWAI,CAIZHONGZHEKEFARENXUANHEIBAI。

    RUOSHICAIDINGXIASHOUZHIBAI,ZESHUANGFANGJIAOHUANZUOWEI,DANGRAN,YEYUAIHAOZHEZHIJIANDEDUIJUJIAOHUANQIGUANJIUKEYILE。ZHISHIAIHAOZHEDEDUIJUZHONG,WOMENJINGCHANGKEYIKANDAOYOURENSHOUZHUAYIBAHEIZIRANGDUIFANGLAICAI,ZHEIJIUYOUXIEBUYINGGAILE。

    BUGUO,YOUYUZHUNBEIGONGZUODESHUHU,YOUSHIYEHUICHUYIXIEFEIYISUOSIDESHIQING。ZHANGWENDONGJIUDUANJIDE,TADANGNIANMOUCIFURIBISAIDUISHANGLEBANTIANRONGNANJIUDUAN。CAIXIANSHI,BANTIANDAKAIMIANQIANDEQIGUAN,JINGRANSHIHEIZI——QIGUANFANGFANLE。LAOXIANSHENGBORANDANU,JIAOLAIFUZERENMENGFAQIHUO,ZIRANYEBUMIANRUOGANCUHUAJIAZAQIZHONG,JUHOUFUPANSHI,BANTIANTURANFAXIANZHANGWENDONGYEHUIRIYU,BUYOUSHENSEDABIAN——ZHICHIGONGZUORENYUANSHILISHI,TAZIJIYEDADASHILILE。

    CAIXIANZHIHOU,QUEDINGLEHEIBAIHEZUOWEI,SHUANGFANGHUXIANGJUGONGZHIYI,ZHEICAISHIYIJUQIZHENZHENGDEKAISHI。


棋道规范——礼仪故事(四)

服装与仪表

 

   SHIZHIJINRI,WEIQIYAOQIUSHENGCUN、QIUFAZHAN,ZHIYEHUAHECHANYEHUASHIBIYOUZHILU,ERYAOWEIWEIQIKAITUOGENGDADESHICHANG,JIANLIGENGWANMEIDEGONGZHONGXINGXIANG,WEIQIQISHOUZISHENDEXINGXIANGJIUBIXUDEDAOZUGOUDEZHONGSHI。

   RIBENQISHOUZHONGYOUBUSHAOPIANAIHEFUDE,BIRUYITIANJIJIJIUDUANJIUSHIAIHAOZHESHUZHIDEYIGELIZI。CIWAI,HANGUODECAOXUNXUANJIUDUANHELIUCHANGHEJIUDUANYEDOUSHICHUANTONGFUZHUANGDEAIHAOZHE,CHANGCHANGSHENZHEMINZUFUZHUANGCHUZHAN,TAOYONGYIJUCENGJINGLIUXINGDEHUA,TAMENKENDINGJUEDEZIJI“BUSHIYIGERENZAIZHANDOU”。

   WOMENCHANGCHANGKEYIKANDAO,GUONEIYICHANGJIANGJINFAFANGBUFEIDEDASAIJUESAI,CHANGCHANGJIUZAIYIJIANZHIDUOZHINENGSHUOBUJIANLOUDEDUIJUSHILI,ZAILIANGWEISHENZHEXIUXIANFUZHUANG,SHENZHITOUFADOUPENGLUANZHEDEQISHOUZHIJIAN,JIUNEIMESUISUIBIANBIANDIJINXINGLE,JIESHULE。DANGRAN,ZHEIBINGBUYINGXIANGQIJUJISHUMIANDEZHILIANG,DANSHIGUIGENJIEDI,ZHEIBUGAISHIWEIQIDEXINGXIANG。

   HAOZAI,WOMENDEYIXIEQISHOUYIJINGKAISHIZHUYIZHEIFANGMIANDEWENTILE。BIRULIUXINGQIDUANJIUCENGJINGZAIBOKEDANGZHONGXIEDAO,ZIJIMEIDAOZHONGYAOBISAIZHIQIANDOUHUIXIXINDIJIANYIBIANZHIJIA,YOUQISHIYOUSHOUDEZHONGZHIHESHIZHI。

   YOUQUDESHI,LIUXINGHAIYOUYIWEITONGDAO。ZUOJIAGULONGXIANSHENGSUIRANFANGLANGXINGHAI,DANSHIMEIDAOKAISHIXIEZUOZHIQIAN,TADOUYAOHUANSHANGZHENGJIE、KUANSONGDEYIFU,ERQIEYESHIYAOXIXIJIANYIBIANZHIJIADE。


棋道规范——礼仪故事(五)

落 子

 

   SHIXIA,WEIQIYEYULAIYUDUODICHUXIANZAIZHUDUODEYINGSHIZUOPINZHONG,DANSHIYOUYUCHUANGZUOYOUQIANJINGXI,YUWEIQIYOUGUANDECHANGMIANCHANGCHANGRANGQIMIGANDAOFEICHANGBUSHUFU。QIXINGFEIYISUOSIZHIWAI,XIAQIDESHOUSHIYEJINGCHANGSHIGOUBINGDEDUIXIANG。

   DANGRAN,YOURENJIUXIHUANHUOZHEXIGUANMOUZHONGSHOUSHI,BIRUYIMUZHIHESHIZHIYUNXIANGQIZIBANLUOZI,HUOZHESHISHOUWOYIBAQIZIYIMUZHIXIANGPANSHANGANLUO,YEBUNENGJUEDUIFOUDING,BIJINGNEISHIYIZHONGZIYOU,JINGUANANYONGYIDAQIANBEISUOWEI“YINGCHIWENPINGYINGGAISHIZIYOUDESHIJIE”,SHUODEJUEDUIBUSHIZHEIZHONGZIYOU。ZHISHAO,ZHEIXIEXIAZIDESHOUSHI,QUESHISHIBUMEIDE。

   ZHENZHENGBIAOZHUNDEWEIQILUOZISHOUSHI,YINGGAISHIYIMUZHI、SHIZHIHEZHONGZHISANZHICONGQIGUANZHONGNIANQIYIMEIQIZI,ZHIYUSHIZHIYUZHONGZHIZHIJIAN,ZHONGZHIZAISHANG,SHIZHIZAIXIA,JIAZHUQIZI,FANGZHIYUYAOFANGDEJIAOCHADIANSHANG。SHUOLAIBINGBUFUZA,DANSHICONGWEIJIECHUGUOWEIQIDEREN,XIANGYAOSHUJIERLIU,YEYAOPOXIAYIFANGONGFUDE。

   YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,LUOZIYAOQINGQINGFANGXIA,DANSHIYOUXIESHIHOU,ZAIDUIJUZHONGYOUYUQINGXUDEBIANHUA,YEOUERHUIYOUZHONGZHONGLUOZIDEQINGKUANG,DANGSHUKEYILIJIE。WEIQIYOUMINGSHOUTAN,TANHUADESHENGDIAOZIRANHUIYOUGAODIZHIBIE,BUGUORUOSHIYIWEIGAOMENDASANG,XIANRANJIUBUBILE。

   DANGRAN,YEYOUYIBUFENZHIYEQISHOUQIAQIASHUYUZHEIZHONG“GAOYINGECHANGJIA”。BIRUYITIANJIJIJIUDUANJIUCHANGCHANGBAQIZIPAIDESHANXIANG。JUSHUODANGNIANLICHANGHAOJIUDUANZHISUOYIYIDUJIANTAJIUSHU,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYESHIBEITADEQISHISUOSHE——BUGUO,YITIANYEYOUDALIPAIZI,DAOZHIQIZIPODIAOERGESHANGLESHOUDEJILU。

   QIZIYINGGAIZHIJIEZHEYUXIANGYINGDEJIAOCHADIANSHANG,BUGUOYEYOUBUFENQISHOUXIHUANXIANJIANGZILUOYUPANSHANG,ZAIJIANGQITUIDAOMUDEDI,ANZHAOWEIQIGUIZE,ZHIYAOSHOUBULIZI,XIAZIDEDONGZUOJIUSHIWEIWEIWANCHENG,YINCIZHEIBINGBUWEIGUI,DANXIANRANYEBUSHIGELIANGHAODEXIGUAN。


棋道规范——礼仪故事(六)

第一手

    

   WEIQIBUDANLUOZIDEFANGFAZHIDEYISHUO,LUOZIDEFANGWEIYEYOUHENDUOGUSHI。AIHAOZHEHUIZHUYIDAO,JUEDADUOSHUQIPUZHONG,DIYISHOUDOUSHIZHEYUYOUSHANGDE,ERZHEIQISHIYESHIYIZHONGLIJIE。

   ZHENGCHANGSHUOLAI,DUOSHURENDOUSHIYIYOUSHOUXIAQI,ERHEIFANGJIANGDIYISHOULUOZAIQIPANYOUSHANG,RANGBAIFANGKEYIHENSHUFUDEJIANGDIERSHOULUOZAIZUOSHANG,JIBAIFANGZIJIDEYOUXIA,ZHENGSHIDUIDUISHOUDEZUNZHONG。

   CHUXINGYUSANSANZHIWAI,XIAOMU、MUWAIHEGAOMUDENGYOUFANGXIANGXINGDEZHEDIAN,HAIXUJIANGGUAJIAODEFANGXIANGXIANGZHEDUIFANG。

   BUGUO,OUERYEHUIYOURENWEIFANCHANGGUI。RIBENDI25JIEMINGRENZHANQIJIAN,QIANLIANGJULINGBIERLUOHOUDETIAOZHANZHEYITIANJIJIJIUDUAN,MIANDUIZAIWEIMINGRENZHAOZHIXUNJIUDUAN,DI3JIUJIANGDIYISHOUHENHENDIDAZAILEZUOSHANG,BINGZUIZHONGQUSHENG。DI5JUTAYOUZHAOFANGZHUAYAO,KEXIZHEICITASHULEYIMUBAN,ZHAOZHIXUN4:1WEIMIAN。

    SHIHOU,RIBENDE《WEIQISHIJIE》JIESHUODI5JUSHIPINGLUNDAO:“RUTONGDI3JUYIYANG,YOUJIANGCHUSHOUXIAZAILEZUOSHANGJIAO。WEIQIDEZHEZIYUANBENSHIFEICHANGZIYOUDE,CHUSHOUZIRANYESHIXIAZAINEILIDOUKEYI,ZHEIYANGRENWEIDEQISHIXIANGDANGDUO。RANER,ZHEIYANGDEXIANGFAQUERANGRENGANDAOYIHUO。LEISIDE,WUSHIDEDAOSHIYAOCHAZAIZUOCEYAOJIANDE,ZHEIBUSHICHUANTONGMA?ZHEIXIEGUIJUNANDAOJIJINGDAOLEBUBIGUJIDESHIDAIMA?YITIANBENLAISHI‘YUANBEN’DEYIFANG(XIANGDUIYUZHAODEHANGUORENSHENFEN),YINWEIZHEIYANGXIADI3JUSHENGLE,SUOYIDI5JUYEZHEIMEGAN,ZHEIYANGDEQISHIA…”

   ZHEIYISHIJIANHOULAIHAIRUXUANLEDANGNIANRIBENDESHIDAWEIQIXINWEN,KEJIANQIYINGXIANGLIYUZHENHANLI。


棋道规范——礼仪故事(七)

提子

   

    SUOYOUAIHAOZHEKAISHIXUEXIWEIQI,ZUICHUDELEQUKONGPAJIUSHICHIZI,JIBIANQILIDADAOLEHENGAODESHUIPING,CONGQIPANSHANGTIZIDELEQUYEYIRUDANGNIAN。BUGUO,DONGDECHIZIBINGBUNENGSUANSHIDONGDETIZI。TIZIYESHIYOUZHUANMENGUIFANDE。

    SHOUXIAN,TIZIDEDONGZUOYINGYIYIZHISHOUJINXING,YOUXIEYEYUAIHAOZHECHIDIAODUOZISHI,XIHUANSHUANGSHOUQISHANG,DANSHISHIJISHANGQUEPOWEIBUYA。

    QICI,TIDIAODEQIZIYINGGAIFANGZHIZAIJIFANGDEQIGUANGAIZINEI,ERQIGUANGAIZIYINGZHIYUQIGUANQIANFANG。RIHANGUIZEDESHUMUTIXIZHIXIA,TIZIZUIZHONGYAOHUITIANDAODUIFANGKONGLI,RUOSHIWEIBAOCUNHAO,BIANYAOCHUDAMAFAN。ZAIZHONGGUOGUIZEHUOSHIZAIYINGSHIGUIZEZHONG,SIZIBUYINGXIANGSHENGFUPANDING,DANYEYINGJINLIANGBAOLIU,YINWEIZHEIYOUZHUYUBANGZHUSHUANGFANGJINXINGXINGSHIPANDUAN。

YEYUAIHAOZHEZAIDUIJUZHONGCHANGCHANGXIHUANJIANGTIDIAODEQIZIZHIJIERENGHUIDUIFANGDEQIGUAN,BUDANDONGZUOBUYAGUAN,ERQIERONGYIYINGXIANGDUIFANGSIKAO,ZHIYUTOUERBUZHONG,JIANHUIZAITOU,GENGSHIYOUJIANGWEIQIBISAIBIANCHENGLANQIUBISAIDEXIANYILE。


 
 
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